Quality sleep is important to keep the body healthy and avoid various diseases. However, many people have difficulty sleeping, thereby reducing the quality of sleep. What causes someone to have trouble sleeping?
Difficulty sleeping is a condition that makes it difficult for a person to fall asleep, wakes up several times during sleep, or cannot go back to sleep after waking up. What causes someone to have trouble sleeping, and how to overcome it? Here’s an explanation.
What Causes Someone Difficulty Sleeping?
Sleeplessness can be caused by several things, such as bad sleeping habits and certain illnesses. However, there are several other factors that can cause sleeplessness, namely:
1. Eat before bed
When eating, the body will release the hormone insulin to process food into energy. This process disturbs the circadian rhythm or sleep cycle and keeps you awake at night.
2. Drink caffeine before bed
Consuming drinks that contain caffeine, such as coffee and tea, a few hours before bedtime, can make it difficult for you to sleep. Caffeine can inhibit the action of adenosine, which is an active compound in the brain that triggers drowsiness, making it difficult for you to sleep.
Stress is another cause of sleeplessness. Stress can reduce the duration and quality of sleep, because it can increase the level of the hormone cortisol in the body. This causes the heart rate to increase and the muscles to become tense, so the body does not relax and sleep becomes difficult.
4. Using gadgets before bed
Using gadgets before going to bed can make it difficult for you to fall asleep. This is because the blue light emitted by gadget screens can reduce the production of the hormone melatonin, which is a hormone that regulates sleep cycles.
Research has also found that blue light can increase brain alertness and can stimulate cognitive function which in turn keeps the body awake and causes sleeplessness.
In addition, difficulty sleeping is also caused by other factors, such as an uncomfortable bedroom or the effects of taking certain drugs. Several medical problems, such as heart disease, diabetes, GERD, nervous disorders, and cancer, also often cause sufferers to have trouble sleeping.
How to Overcome Difficulty Sleeping at Night
Difficulty sleeping is a condition that should not be taken lightly. If left unchecked, sleeplessness causes the body to feel weak, sleepy easily, and have difficulty concentrating the next day.
In addition, in the long term, lack of sleep can also be harmful to health, because it can reduce the body’s immunity and increase the risk of serious illness, one of which is cardiovascular disease.
To overcome sleeplessness at night, it is recommended that you change the habits that cause sleep disturbances to appear. For example, if you are used to drinking coffee in the afternoon, it’s best to drink coffee only in the morning or long before bedtime. Don’t forget to get used to going to bed at the same time every day so that a sleep cycle is formed.
If you have done the various methods above, but your sleeplessness is not resolved, or it is even getting worse, immediately consult a doctor so that you can get treatment according to the cause of the difficulty sleeping that you are experiencing.
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